Recommended for the Medal of Honor during the Sioux Campaign of 1876.
James Madison Johnson Sanno graduated from the USMA in 1863, and was commissioned into the 7th U.S. Infantry as a 2nd Lieutenant. And so began an active career of service in the Civil War and on the Frontier in the west and overseas.
This carte de Visite image by Winslow, 227 Sixth Avenue (presumably) New York City. This is a super bust shot of Lt. Sanno during the Civil War wearing his full dress frock coat with both epaulets and shoulder straps. He has boldly signed on the image.
During the Civil War, the 7th Infantry saw service at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. After a hard fight at Gettysburg, the regiment went in pursuit of Lee’s army, and shortly after were ordered to New York City to put down the draft riots. The 7th remained in New York City until May of 1865 and then ordered to Florida.
Now on Reconstruction duty until 1869, Sanno and his regiment were ordered to the Department of the Platte. He had been the regimental adjutant from 1864-69, and after a brief time renewed that position later that year and held the assignment until 1871.
Once in the Dakotas, the 7th Headquarters was stationed at Fort Shaw, Montana Territory, and with the reorganization of the army’s regiments, the 7th Infantry consolidated with the 36th Infantry (the 36th had come from the 3rd Bn of the old 18th in the 1866 shake-up, and among them several experienced officers). In 1871
The Northern Plains tribes kept the army on constant vigil, and then in 1876, Captain Sanno’s company, along with several companies of the 7th, were detailed to leave Fort Shaw under the Command of Col. John Gibbon, to march toward the Little Big Horn River, in Montana Terr. (one of 3 columns) converging on that position to drive the Lakota and Northern Cheyenne back to the reservations. This was the Campaign of 1876 that culminated in the Custer Massacre.
During the engagement, Captain Sanno was mentioned in dispatches and recommended for the Medal of Honor for gallant action during the campaign. He would again be breveted major for gallant action against the Nez Perce, at Big Hole Pass, MT in 1877. Sanno remained in with the regiment in what is now Wyoming and Colorado.
Promoted to Major in 1895, he departs the 7th Infantry after 32 years for the 3rd Infantry, and what must have seemed like a blink of the eye, was promoted again to Lt.Colonel and assigned to the 4th infantry. Quicker still, promotion to Colonel came the next year and he took command of the 18th Infantry.
During the Philippine Insurrection he once again is mentioned in dispatches for distinguished service at Cavite, Luzon, Philippine Islands on June 10-22, 1899. Promoted again in 1903 to Brigadier General, he retired in 1907 after a long and honorable career.
This image in condition, history, and signature, all comes together to make one super piece.
USPS Priority $3.50