Captain Dice’s uniform consists of his frock coat, trousers, and chasseur pattern cap.
Civil War Uniform of Captain Jacob Dice – 154th Indiana Volunteer Infantry.
The uniform consists of his Frock coat, trousers and chasseur pattern cap. The frock coat is generally in very good condition, with small moth damage here and there, with some larger holes on the back of right sleeve and on right cuff. The shoulder straps appear to be for a captain of staff, with a dark blue or black (depending on light) background, but these are original to the uniform. Originally, Dice was commissioned into Co. “G”, but later was promoted to captain of Co. “C.” and mostly likely these were all that were available at the time. The buttons look to all be original to the uniform as well. The velvet collar is in very good condition. The lining has some mothing and wear issued but as seen in the photos, is in very good shape. The two tail pockets in the rear are lined with brown cotton and are fine. The trousers are in very good condition with only a few scattered mothing. They have the regulation thin black welt signifying infantry. a few of the buttons on the fly are missing. The late war style low crown chasseur pattern cap has infantry side buttons, no evidence of any insignia on the front. The sweat band is intact, and correct for the Civil War period. Jacob Dice wrote his name inside on the crown and on the sweatband. With this reacquisition of the uniform group, I had some restoration done to the cap only, having some of the bigger moth holes repaired. No ID appears in either the frock or trousers.
I purchased this uniform group in the early 90’s from a well known Civil War dealer from Massachusetts, and again just about a year ago out of another collection, with the additional National Archives material. It is absolutely a real ID’d group, and totally honest. There is no evidence of any work that has been done on this uniform other than what may had taken place in the period of use by Dice. I have priced the uniform based on the value of its components, and more than fairly priced for today’s market.
Jacob Dice was born in Virginia on April 5, 1824, and came to Indiana with his family in his early life. At 18, Jacob became a member of the United Brethren Church, and soon after became licenced to preach in 1848, while simultaneously learning the trade of blacksmithing, Jacob Dice was married in 1844, to Mary Rynearson, the daughter of an early settler to Fountain County, and they had 4 children. He owned an 80 acre farm in Van Buren Township, but preferred working in his ministry, and his blacksmithing. In 1851, Dice was elected to the State Legislature and served for six months.
With the beginning of the Civil War, Reverend Dice was said to be a very loyal union man, “whose heart was high with patriotic love of country,”and was intensely loyal, assisting to raise several companies of volunteers in Fountain County. His son Francis had joined the 16th Indiana Infantry during the war. At the age of 41, Reverend Dice enlisted as a 2nd Lieutenant into Company “G,” 154th Indiana Infantry in April of 1865 and was soon elected as the captain, and transferred to Co. “C,” and nobly did his duty until the end of the war, then detailed in guard duties in the Shenandoah Valley, until August 4, 1865. On December 20, 1864 the Indiana Legislature called for the establishment of eleven 1 year regiments for one year’s service, and subsequently, five more were added, the 154th being one of the last five regiments. Colonel Frank Wilcox was in command.
I can only surmise the purpose for which these late regiments were called, probably due to many other Indiana troops were being mustered out, and fresh troops were needed with tensions still high, and some resistance taking place in Virginia. There were two other Dice men from other relatives that served in Company “C.”
I have a copy of House of Representatives Bill, – H.R. 1826 dated March 4, 1872, “For the relief of Jacob Dice, of Fountain County, Indiana…” stating that the paymaster of the Army….authorized to pay Jacob Dice full pay and emoluments of a second lieutenant of cavalry, for the period of three months, beginning on September 16, 1861, and ending on December 16, 1861…..for expenses incurred by said Jacob Dice while acting under the orders of General Judson Kilpatrick in recruiting in the State of Indiana. In a deposition for a pension claim dated 1887, Jacob Dice stated that he never had any other service other than in the 154th Infantry. (Some research needed there).
In his pension deposition he states in his own hand that while near Stevenson, Va., his company were caught up in a major rain storm, and were ordered back to their camp, but when arriving their tents had been blown down, and blankets were soaked and covered in hail, and developed a cold in the head at that time. The surgeon of the regiment treated him about two weeks later for deafness. He received on treatment from other than Dr, Richardson; rheumanation started about the same as well as kidney pain ..much more. There are more copies of documents from the National Archives, including his commission from the state, a discharge, and more.
Jacob Dice passed away on April 21, 1900, at the age of 76. He was called a noble man, a fine type of an intelligent, cheerful, gentle, manly Christian Minister, and as such was loved and respected by all with whom he associated and his death had cast a pall of gloom over the entire community. During his time ministering in Fountain County, Rev. Dice had officiated over 300 marriages.
Captain Dice was a member of George B. McClellan Post 21, G.A.R., a post that was located in his hometown, Coal Creek, Indiana. After the war he remained active at the post with other veterans.