Records for Buffalo Soldiers is very wanting, and even the National Archives has very little to offer in this period.
This final statement for Private John Brown of “E” Company, 10th U.S. Cavalry, has attached to it, the final pay voucher from the paymaster. This document may have more information on it than can be found anywhere relating to the army career of John Brown. Records for Buffalo Soldiers is very wanting, and even the National Archives has very little to offer in this period.
About 8 years ago, I purchased at least 100 documents from various black units including both the 9th and 10th Cavalry and both 24th and 25th Infantry, and not one of these names were listed in book published by a researcher desiring to pull all the names of black soldiers serving in the army 1866-1914.
In this work On The Trail Of The Buffalo Soldier, Vol II, by Irene & Frank Schubert, there is a John L. Brown listed in the same unit, but in “G” company in 1876, and doubt it is him, as a dishonorably discharged soldier would not enlist under his real name.
The John Brown in this document was a Barber from Philadelphia who enlisted in 1869. He was serving in Captain Geo. Robinson’s company G, and was dishonorably discharged by sentence of a General Court Martial, order no. 64, Department of Texas, dated October 10, 1872. The attached pay voucher is signed by Robinson for Brown, inserting an “X” with scribble above and below which legally reads, “his mark.”
It is quite possible from what information I could find, that E company had been tordered to Fort Richardson, Texas, just having been been transferred to the Dept. of Texas.
The documents are in good shape with a few flaws; some staining caused by the glue holding the attached pages together, and some mouse chew on one edge.
A scarce document for a black soldier in the early Indian Wars era.
Reference the photos for condition and detail.